Nepal is one of richest countries in the world in terms of biodiversity, as the country of unique topography and varied climatic conditions. Altitudinal variation is so distinct the elevation of the country ranges from 60 meter above sea level to the worlds highest point Mt. Everest 8848m in a short distance of 150 kilometres. Several ecosystems are mountain ranges, forests, green hills and valleys. The country is a melting pot of different ethnic communities. The country has more then 70 ethnic groups and over 71 different dialects. Nepal is a home to 2% of all the flowering plants, 8%of the world’s population of bird, 4%mammals, over 500 species of butter flies, over 600 indigenous plant species and 300 more species of exotic orchids.
» Fact Sheet of Nepal
Area: 147,181 Esq. Km
Geography: Situated between China in the north and India in the south.
Latitude: 2612 to 3027 north
Latitude: 804 to 8812 East
People: More than 70 ethnic group’s and 71 more spoken languages.
Climate: Sub tropical in low lands to Arctic’s in higher altitudes.
Currency: Nepalese Rupee(NRs)
Religion: Hinduism and Buddhism
The country has witness a large number of rulers and dynasties. The Kirantis are regarded as the earliest rulers who had ruled the country in 9th century B.C. The 1st Century A.D. Mallas ruled the Kathmandu valley, which is very rich in cultural heritage. In the 14th century A.D. king Jayasthiti Malla established a rigid social order his grandson from suspected rival states. But he failed to do so and the country was divided into as many small feudal states. The shah dynasty started to rule the country. It was late king Prithvi Narayan Shah, who unified all the small principalities into a single kingdom.
The visionary, king had dismissed from the country as he suspected that the British rulers in India would attack on Nepal. During the mid 19th century Jung Bahadure Rana be come Nepal’s first prime minister and took absolute power. The Ranas were over thrown in a democracy of the early 1950. At present Nepal enjoys a multiparty democratic system.
Climatic conditions of Nepal from one place to another in accordance with the geographical features. In the north summer are cool and winters severe, while in south summers are sub tropical and winters mild. The variety in Nepal’s topography provides home to wildlife like tiger, rhinos, Bears, leopards and different species of insects and birds. Nepal is a home to almost 10 percent of the world’s bird species among which more species are found in the Katmandu valley.
Nepal has managed to preserve some endangered species of Asia. It is extensive parks and protected natural habitats. The most abundant natural resource in Nepal is water.
Nepal can be divided into three main geographical regions.
(1) Mountain region:
The altitude of this region ranges between 4877m to 8848m. It has includes 8 of the existing over 8000m high mountains. Those are (1) Mt. Everest 8848m, (2) Kangchanjanga 8586m, (3) Lhotse 8516M, (4) Makalu 8463m, (5) Cho oyo 8201m, (6) Dhaulagiri 8167m (7) Manaslu 8163m and (8) Annapurna 8091m.
(2) Hilly region:
This is accounting about 64 percent of total land area of Nepal. The Mahabharata range this is raising unto 4677m from it. Its south lays the lower Churia range whose altitude varies from 610 meter to 1524m.
(3) Tarai Region:
Tarai region has a width of about 26 to 32 kilometers and an altitude maximum of 305 m, occupies about 17 percent of total land area of the country.
Nepal has four seasons
- Spring: March to June
- Monsoon: July to September
- Autumn: October to November
- Winter: December to February